The manners of sending greeting of Peace

“O you who believe! Enter  not houses other than your own, until you  have asked  permission and greeted those in them .” [Q 24:27].   

The manners of GIVING GREETINGS of Peace  

Allaah says;

“O you who believe! Enter  not houses other than your own, until you  have asked  permission and greeted those in them .” [Q 24:27].   

Also, He says;

"But when you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allaah [i.e., say Assalaamu‘Alaikum (Peace be upon) you]blessed and good" [Q 24:61].

In another verse, Allaah says:

 "When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or [at  least] return it equally"[Q 4:86)

The Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said;

"Allaah created Adam [RA], making him 60 cubits tall. When He created him, He said to him, "Go and greet that group of angels, and listen to their reply, for it will be your greeting (salutation) and the greeting (salutation) of your offspring." So, Adam [RA] said (to the angels), As- SalaamuAlaikum (i.e. Peace be upon you). The angels said, ''As-salamuAlaikawaRahmatu-I-Iahi" (i.e.  Peace and Allaah's Mercy be upon you). Thus the angels added to Adam's salutation the expression, 'Wa Rahmatu-I-Iahi.' Any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam [RA] (in appearance and figure).  People have been decreasing in stature since Adam’s creation. [Bukhari).

In another hadith, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said;

"You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I not guide you to something, which, if you do it, will make you love one another? Spread greetings of peace among yourselves." [Muslim].

Somewhere else, he said,

“The rights of a Muslim upon another Muslim are six.”  He was then asked, "And what are they, ‘0’ Messenger of Allaah [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?" He said, "If you meet a Muslim, then extend to him greetings of peace ...” [Muslim]

The Manners of Greeting of Peace

 1. It is Sunnah to initiate Greetings of Peace;it isWaajib [Compulsory] to return the greetings.  There are many proofs which show that it is Sunnah  to initiate greetings of peace. We have just mentioned one of those proofs:

"The rights of a Muslim upon another Muslim are six... If you meet a Muslim, then extend to him greetings of peace ...” [Muslim]. 

  Another proof is the practice of the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon], or of his companions; we do need not to mention proofs to

that effect because their practice of extending greetings of peace to one another is so well known.

If person A extends greetings to person B, then B must return the greetings; otherwise, he is sinning.Amongthe many proofs that establish this ruling, is the saying of Allaah;

"When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or [at  least] return it equally"[Q 4:86)

IbnHazm, Ibn 'Abdul-Barr and Ash-Shaikh Taqee-ud-deeneach of these scholars have said thatthere is aconsensus among the scholars on this issue: that it iscompulsory to return greetings of peace.

Question: If a man greets a group ofpeople, does each one of them haveto respond to his greeting, or it issufficientfor one ofthem to respond?

Answer: If a man greets a group of people, it is better for all of them to respond, however, if one of them returns the greeting, the others do not have to return it as well, and there is no sin upon them for not returning it.

'Alee ibnAbiTaalib [RA] said;

"When a group passes by, it is sufficient for one of them to give greeting of peace, and as for those who are sitting, it is sufficient for one of them to respond.”[Abu Dawud].

Manners of Giving Greetings of Peace

In order best, second best and third best, these are the of extending greeting of peace;

1.     "Assalam 'AlaikumWarahmatulahiWabarakatuhu"[ Peace as well as the mercy and blessings of Allaah be  upon you].

2.     ''Assalam    'AlaikumWarahmatullah, " 'Alaikum.[ Peace and the mercy of Allaah be upon you].

3.     ''Assalam 'Alaikum " [Peace beupon you].

This order is proven by the narration of Abu Hurairah  [RA], in which a man passed by the Messenger of  Allaah [p eace and blessings of Allaah be upon him]  who was seated in a gathering and said, "Assalam 'Alaikum. “The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah    be upon him] said,

"Ten good deeds [are written for him].Another man passed by and said, ''Assalam    'AlaikumWarahmatullah, " and the Prophet [peace and    blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, "Twenty good    deeds" Then another man passed by and said,''Assalam 'AlaikumWarahmatulahiWabarakatuhu,"    and the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, "Thirty good deeds.”[Tirmidhi]

When one is responding to these greetings, one should give a similar or better greeting,for AIIaah said:

“When you are greeted with a greeting, greet in return with what is better than it, or [at least] return it equally”[Q4:86]

And even if you are responding to the greeting of a single Muslim, you should use the plural pronoun: ' WaAlaikumusSalam .. .'instead of  'Wa'AlaikasSalam.

Question: Suppose someone gives greetings of peace and ends his greetingwith 'Wabarakatuhu. In order to respond with a better greeting, as is mentioned in [Q4:86], may we add, 'WamaghfiratuhuWaIhsaanuhu ... [and His forgiveness and generosity ... ]?

Answer: When responding to another person’s greeting, you should not add anything after, 'Wabarakatuhu, ' even if that is where the other person ended.Ibn Abdul-Barr said, IbnAbbaas [RA]and Ibn 'Umar [RA] said to, 'Finish [greetings of peace with al-   Barakah [i.e. 'Wabarakatuhu'], just as Allaah said about His righteous slaves:

"The Mercy of AIlaah and His Blessings be on you, 0 family [of Ibrahim)" [Q 11:73]

And they both disliked for anyone to add anything after ‘Wabarakatuhu’in his greetings of peace.

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

dawahnigeria admin
dawah to the people