Manners of visiting your brother

Last editions we mentioned that there are three times that are discouraged in the Sharia of Islam that a muslim should visit his brother; before fajr, the time for the noonday rest, and after ‘Isha prayer. This is because it is likely that the person is sleeping, relaxing or spending intimate moments with his wife. This edition inshaAllah, we look at some other issues related to this and other manners related to visiting ones brother in Islam.

Concerning this issue, we can draw upon two examples, one a hadeeth and one a narration from a companion, to illustrate that it was compulsory to avoid visiting others during the noonday rest period.

First, we mention the hadeeth: Aisha [RA] said:

‘Rarely would a day go by wherein the prophet [peace and blessings of Allah be upon him] would not visit Abu Bakr [RA] at one of the two end of the day. But when permission was given to him to go to Medeenah[i.e. ,to migrate]…..he came to us at noontime. Abu Bakr [RA] was informed about his arrival, and he said, ’The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allah be upon him] came to us at this time only because of something [important] has happened’… [Bukhari]

The Prophet came at a time that was not a normal time for visitation during the period of the day wherein people would take a noonday nap which is why Abu Bakr [RA] was so surprised when he learnt the prophet[peace and blessings of Allah be upon him] had come.

And speaking of how he would take knowledge from other companions[RA] said, ’When a Hadeeth reached me from a man, I would go to him and if he was taking a noonday nap, I would rest my head on a robe at his door, and the wind would blow dust on my face.”

Despite the fact that Ibn ‘Abbas[RA] assiduously sought out knowledge and despite the fact that he was careful not to waste his time, he preferred to wait for the for the person he was looking for to come out rather than knock on his door and disturb him. This occurred when he would arrive at someone’s home during the period wherein people customarily took their noonday nap.

Unless he has the permission from his host, a visitor should not lead the prayer; nor should he sit on the bed or mattress of his host without his permission.

In his own home, a man has more right than anyone else; therefore, it is only after his permission is conferred may someone lead the prayer or sit on his mattress or couch that is  specifically prepared for him. Abu Mas’ood Al-Ansaaree [RA] ascribed this hadeeth to the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allah be upon him];

‘The one who is most versed in Allah’s book should act as imam for the people, but if they are equally versed in reciting it, then the earliest one to emigrate; if they emigrated at the same time, then the earliest one to embrace Islam. No man must lead another in prayer where (the latter) has authority, or sit in his place of honor in his house, without his permission.”[Muslim]

Commenting on this Hadeeth, An-Nawawee said:

‘It means….that the head of the house, the leader of the gathering, and the Imam of the Masjid are all more deserving[of leading the prayer] than anyone else, even if someone else is more knowledgeable, knows more Quran, is more pious, or is generally better. The leader of a place such as the master of the house is most deserving in this regard; if he wishes, he may advance a person of his choice to lead, even if the person he advances is less worthy than others who are present, since he has authority [in his home or others who are present. Since he has authority [in his home or otherwise], he way do in this matter as he pleases.’’

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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