Place Emphasis On The Team: It is very important to note that, having granted the request of Musa (alayhi sallam) to assign Harun (alayhi sallam) as his teammate, Allaah stresses that relationship in numerous verses in the Quran. The team of Musa (alayhi sallam) and Harun (alayhi sallam) is presented to us as one unit, addressed by Allaah as such and recognized by others as such. Some of those verses include His saying:
"Then after them We sent Musa and Harun to Firawn and his chiefs with Our Signs .. "(QI0 [yunus]:75)
and also His saying:
"And We revealed to Musa and his brother(saying): ... "(QI0[Yunus]:87)
Others are where Allaah says:
"Verily, the invocation of you both is accepted. So you both keep to the Straight Way... " (QI0[Yunus]:89)
and He says:
"And We said: Go you both to the people who have denied Our Signs:... "(Q25[al-Furqan]:36)
Continuous emphasis was placed on the team in a long passage wherein Allaah says:
"And indeed We gave Our Grace to Musa and Harun ... and We saved them ... and helped them ... and We gave them ... and guided them ... Salam [peace] be upon Musa and Harun" (Q37[as-Saffat]:114-120)
Similarly the Quran uses the dual form to refer to the two prophets in Surah TaHa (Q20:42-49), again highlighting the fact that they are a team.
Act As A Team Musa (alayhi sallam) and Harun (alayhi sallam) acted as a team. The words "They said" and "We fear" in the verse that follows, indicate a process of active consultation between the two of them.
"They (Musa and Harun) said: Our Lord! We fear lest He hasten with insolence against us, or Iest he transgress all bounds. " (Q20[TaHa]:45)
Harun (alayhi sallam) was a Significant part of the team, not merely an attendant to Musa (alayhi sallam). This fact was recognized by Firawn as the Quran tells us:
"Firawn said: Who then, Oh Musa, is the Lord of you two?" (Q20[Ta Ha]:49)
The sorcerers in the court also referred, not to the Lord of Musa (alayhi sallam)alone, but to the Lord of Musa (alayhi sallam) and Harun (alayhi sallam), recognizing the latter as a significant partner of the former.
"And the sorcerers fell down prostrate, Saying: We believe in the Lord of the Worlds, the Lord of Musa and Harun." (Q26[AI Shuara] :46-48)
Elements Of Delegation Task: When Allaah asked Musa (alayhi sallam) to leave his people for forty days, he put them under the supervision of Harun (alayhi sallam). In other words, he delegated the leadership of the community and the management of its affairs to his teammate. In doing so, Musa (alayhi sallam) defined the delegated task in broad terms as follows:
".... And Musa said to his brother Harun: Replace me among my people, act in the Right Way and follow not the way of those who do mischief." (Q7[Al Araf]:142).
Musa (alayhi sallam) illustrated three important aspects of effective delegation in this case. First, he delegated broadly but clearly by charging Harun (alayhi sallam) to act for him amongst his people. Second, he clarified his expectation the intended objective by asking Harun(alayhi sallam) to do right. Third, he placed appropriate limits on the delegatedauthority by asking Harun (alayhi sallam) not to follow the way of those who do mischief.
Responsibility: When Musa (alayhi sallam) returned to his people and found that Harun (alayhi sallam) had been unable to prevent his people from being misled by Samiri, he was upset. He held Harun (alayhi sallam) accountabIe but assumed responsibility himself, illustrating one of the most basic rules of delegation that one cannot delegate responsibility,one can only delegate authority.
"Musa prayed: Oh my Lord! Forgive me and my brother! Admit us to Your mercy! For You are the Most Merciful of those who shown mercy!" (Al Araf, 7: I 5 I)
Musa (alayhi sallam) asked for forgiveness for himself for being unable to fulfil his responsibility as well as his brother, for his seeming failure in his delegated task. As an effective leader, Musa (alayhi sallam) went further and identified himself with his people and their role in this situation. "
He prayed: Oh my Lord!If it had been Your Will You could have destroyed, long before, both them and me,would You destroy us for the deeds of the foolish ones among us? It is only Your Trial by which You lead astray whom You will, and keep guided whom You will. You are our Wali [Protector], so forgive us and have Mercy on us, for You are the Best of those who forgive" (Q7[AI Araf]: 155).
Authority: Allaah teaches us another principle of delegation in this story that, one to whom a task isdelegated must be given sufficient authority and resources to carry it out when He says:
"Then We sent Musa and his brother Harun, with Our Signs and manifest authority,... "(Q23[Al Muminun]:45)
Then, Allaah underscores two additional principles of delegation with His saying:
Nay! Go you both with Our Signs. Verily, We shall be with you, listening" (Q26[al-Shuara]: 15)
These are: those delegated a task must be supported (We shall be with you), and they must be given a hearing and feedback as necessary (listening).
This message of support and assistance is repeated elsewhere in the Quran. Allaah said:
"We will strengthen your arm through your brother, and give you both power, so they shall not be able to harm you with Our Signs shall you triumph you two as well as those who follow you will be the victors." (Q28[al-Qasas]:35)
Some More Lessons When Musa (alayhi sallam) had gone to meet Allaah, Samiri caused a rebellion among the people against the legitimately delegated leadership of Harun (alayhi sallam) and misled them into deviating from true worship. When Musa (alayhi sallam) returned, he did not rushto condemn anyone. He gave Samiri an opportunity to explain his action before arriving at the conclusion of expelling him.
"(Musa) said: And what is the matter with you. Oh Samiri? (Q20[TaHa]:95)
The environment Harun (alayhi sallam) faced was not the same as Musas (alayhi sallam); hence, their priorities also differed. We see this in the exchange between the two when Musa (alayhi sallam) returned to his people only to find them misled. Musa (alayhi sallam) asked Harun (alayhi sallam) what prevented him from following his orders when he saw his people going wrong. After asking him not be angrywith him, (Harun) replied:
"Verily, I feared lest you should say, You have caused a division among the Children of Israel, and you have not respected my word!"(Q20[TaHa]:94)
The priority of Harun (alayhi sallam) was to maintain unity amongthe Children of Israel. The priority of Musa (alayhi sallam) was higher to maintain the purity of worship among the people. This episode also illustrates that the person to be chosen for a task should have two major characteristics: competence and trustworthiness. These are the qualities that were apparent in Musa (alayhi sallam) when the elderly man whose daughters he helped during his journey in the land of Madyan hired him. And He said one of them [the two -women]:
"Oh my father! Hire him! Verily, the best of men for you to hire is the strong, the trustworthy. " (Q28[al-Qasas]:26)
Conclusion The story of Musa (alayhi sallam) and Harun (alayhi sallam) offers us valuable lessons in leadership and the art of working together. In these lessons, we discover the Islamic roots of contemporary concepts in human development, whose understanding and practice will enhance our ability to perform and achieve, in sha AIlaah.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited