“They know but the outer (things) in the life of this world: but of the End of things they are headless of the hereafter. Do they not reflect in their own minds? Not but for just ends and for a term appointed did Allah create, the heavens and the earth and all between them yet are there truly many among men who deny the meeting with their Lord (lit the Resurrection)!Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the End of those before them?" RUM SURAH 30 VERSE 7-9
Allah presents to us one of the characeristics of the multitude of men - obsession with the world and doubful of the Hereafter. Although there are plenty of Signs and evidences which point to the Hereafter, and there is no reason why one should be heedless of it, yet large number of people are being heedless of it due to their own short-sightedness. They only see the apparent and the outward aspect of the worldly life and are unaware of what is hidden behind it; otherwise there has been no slackness on the part of Allah to warn them of it.
Do they not reflect in their own minds? Not but for just ends and for a term appointed did Allah create the heavens and the earth and all between them: yet are there truly many among men who deny the meeting with their Lord (at the Resurrection)!
This in itself is a' strong argument for the Hereafter. It means this: "If these people had reflected over their own selves, apart from the external phenomenon, they would have found in themselves the arguments which prove the necessity of a second life after the present life. There are three special characteristics of man which distinguish him from the other creations on the earth:
(1) The earth and the countless things around it have been subjected for him, and he has been granted vast powers to exploit them.
(2) He has been left free to choose a way of life for himself. He can follow the way of belief or disbelief, obedience or sin, virtue or vice, as he likes.
(3)An innate moral sense has been placed in him, by which he discriminates between good and bad.
These characteristics serve as a pointer to the fact that there must be a time when man should be called to account for his deeds, when he should be asked how he used the powers delegated to him over what he had been given in the world, when it should be seen whether he had adopted the right way or the wrong way by use of the freedom of choice given to him, when his voluntary acts should be judged, and good acts be rewarded and evil acts punished. This time inevitably can come only after man's life-activity has ceased and the account-book of his actions closed. Thus man's own self testifies that the position he occupies in the world by Itself demands that after his present life there should be another life when a Court should be established, his life-record examined justly and every person rewarded or punished according to his deeds.
Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the End of those before them?
In this sentence, two more arguments have been given for the Hereafter. It says that if man makes a deep observation of the system of the universe, he will see two things very outstanding about it: First, that the universe has been created with the truth. It is not a play thing of a child, which he might have made to amuse himself but a serious system whose every particle testifies that it has been created with great wisdom, its each component has a law underlying it, and everything in it has a purpose behind it.
The other thing that becomes apparent after a deep observation of the system of the universe is that nothing here is immortal. Everything has an age appointed for it after attaining which it dies and expires, and the same is the case with the universe as a whole. All the forces that are working here are limited. They can work only till an appointed term and they have inevitably to run out in time, and this system has to end...
"Do they not travel through the earth and see what was the End of those before them? They were superior to them in strength ... "
This is an historical argument for the Hereafter. It means this: The Hereafter has not been denied only by a couple of the people in the world, but a large number of them have been involved in this disbelief in human history. Even there have been entire nations which either denied it altogether or lived heedless of it, or invented such false beliefs about life-after-death as rendered the concept of the Hereafter meaningless. Then the continous experience of history reveals that in whatever form the Hereafter has been denied, its inevitable result has been that the people became corrupted morally, they lived irresponsible lives they transgressed all limits of tyranny and wickedness, which became the cause of the destruction of one nation after the other.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited