"Should a Muslim believe in miracles and is there any miracle in Islaam and if not, tell me why? Also did Prophet Muhammnd (peace and blessing be upon him) perform any miracle in his lifetime?
Alhamdullilah - The Praise is for Allaah and May His Peace and blessing be upon the Messenger.
Miracles termed "MuJizah" in Arabic are acts performed by true Prophets that the rest of mankind are incapable of imitating. Six conditions are necessary for any act to be considered a miracle.
First, it has to occur with the command of Allaah.
Second, it must be out of the ordinary occurrences of nature.
Third, it cannot be performed again by any person or object.
Fourth, it must occur at the hands of a prophet and you should know that there is no true prophet again after Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him).
Fifth, the act must match the claim of the Prophet. That is, if he claims that he will turn a staff into a snake, but instead it turns into another creature, this will not be counted as a miracle.
Finally, the "miraculous" act must not refute the prophet's claim. For example, if a prophet claims that a certain stone will speak, and the stone speaks and says that he (the Prophet) is a liar in his claim to prophethood, this will not be considered as a miracle. As a Muslim, you should believe in the miracles given to all the true Prophets that ever lived but not in the magical feats of the present day charlatans posing as "Men of god".
You should affirm faith for instance in the miracle of the camel performed by Prophet Saalih (peace be upon him) [see Q7: 73), in the several miracles given to Muusaa (peace be upon him) in his meeting with Fir'awn [see Q20: 56) and in the healing of the sick and raising the dead of Eesaa (peace and be upon him). You must also have faith in the miracle of the Qur'aan and several others given to Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him).
Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that: "The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:
"Every Prophet was given miracles because of which people believed, but what I have been given, is Divine Inspiration which Allaah has revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will outnumber the followers of the other Prophets on the Day of Resurrection." (Bukhari)
The greatest miracle given to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) is the Qur'aan, the like 'of which can neither be produced by any human nor jinns combined. Allaah says:
"Say: "If all of mankind and the jinns were to come together to produce the like of this Qur'aan, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another." (AI - Israa (17):
88). And among his other miracles were the speaking of stones, animals and trees to him, the sprouting of water from his fingers when the companions were short of it and the splitting of the moon in order to convince the unbelievers ofMakkah.
Narrated Anas (RA): "The people of Makkah asked the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) to show them a sign (miracle). So he showed them (the. miracle) of the cleaving of the moon." (Bukhari). About it, Allaah says:
''The Hour has drawn near, and the moon has been cleft asunder.” Qamar [54): 1)
So, the miracles of the Prophets are those recognized in Islaam. As for some of the unique events that may happen in the life of a Muslim, those are not miracles in the true sense but are called "Karamaat" - meaning an action or event with which Allaah honours any amongst His righteous servants.
These "Karamaat" are not planned for or expected, they just happen with or without notice and they are unlikely to occur in a similar manner the next time the same circumstances present themselves.
For example, Anas bin Malik (RA) a close companion to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: "Two of the companions of the Prophet departed from him on a dark night and were led by two lights like lamps (going in front of them from Allaah as a miracle) lighting the way in front of them, and when they parted, each of them was accompanied by one of these lights till he reached their (respective) houses." (Bukhari)
In today's world, all those who invite people for "miracles" are no more than magicians disguised as people of faith. About them Allaah says:
"That which they have made is only a magician's trick, and the magician will never be successful, no matter whatever amount (of skill) he may attain." (Taha : 69).
We seek Allaah's Protection!
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited