THE NAMES OF THE QURAAN

The names of previous books.

In the Quraan, Allaah informs us of the revelations sent to the earlier nations and their Prophets. Specifically five of them were mentioned with their names. The Suhuuf - revealed scrolls - given to Prophet Ibraaheem (AS), the At-Tawrah given to Prophet Muusaa (AS), the Az- Zabur - given to Prophet Daawud (AS) and the Injeel - revealed to Prophet Eesaa (AS) and lastly the Qur'aan given to Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him)

The names of the Qur'aan.

The Quraan is a book that talks about itself in great details. It gives its own descriptions, its uses and benefits of reading it and the consequences for abandoning its reading. In what follows, we bring to you the names of the Quraan mentioned a number of times by Allaah in His Book.

The Quraan: This means the recitation or the reading. It is the best name by which the book of Allaah is known and it is mentioned several times - about 75 times - in the Quraan. Allaah says: "Say: "If the whole of mankind and the jinns were together to produce the like of this Quraan, they could not produce the like thereof, even if they helped one another. And indeed We have fully explained to mankind, in this Quraan, every kind of similitude, but most mankind refuse the truth and accept nothing but disbelief." (AI - Israa [17]: 88-89)

The Kitaab: This means the Book or something written. This name refers to the Book that Allaah sent down upon His Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) as a guide and mercy to all of mankind. This name also refutes all those who claim that to compile the Quraan into one volume as was done by the third Khaleef Uthmaan bin Affaan (RA) was not a recommended act. The name Quraan and Kitaab are often used interchangeably: The Quraan denotes that which is recited and preserved in the hearts of those who read Allaahs book, while the Kitaab signifies the preservation of Allaahs words through writing. Allaah says: "This is the Book, whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are the pious and righteous people." (AI - Baqarah [2]: 2) 

The Furqaan: This name means the Criterion. It is the criterion between Tawheed (worshipping Allaah alone) and Shirk (joining others in worship with Allaah). The Ouraan distinguishes between truth and falsehood and it separates the light from the darknesses. Allaah says: "Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion to His slave (Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) that he may be a Warner to all of creation. "(AI- Furqaan [25]: 1)

The Dhikr: By this name, the Quraan is referred to as something that reminds those that forget (that is mankind), and it is a narrative of the events that happened in the past to its people. It also reminds about the purpose of life and the great lessons in death and resurrection. Then it informs about the two prepared homes of the hereafter; Paradise and Hell fire. Allaah says: "And verily, this Quraan is indeed a Reminder for you and your people, and you will be questioned (about it). " (Az - Zukhruuf[43]: 44)

The Tanzeel: By the word tanzeel, the Quraan is referred to as a book that descended from someone higher and above the whole of creation. It affirms that Allaah the Most Exalted is above the seventh heaven and not everywhere in His Essence. However, by His knowledge He the Most High is aware of all things. Allaah says: And truly, this Quraan is a revelation from the Lord of all that exist. (Ash - Shuaraa: (26: 192)

Any other name? Other than these names, the noble Quraan has many other descriptions. Such includes the-names like hadeeth (narration), Burhaan (witness), Shifaa . (healing) and many more. However, the scholars have opined that these by themselves are not names as such; these are more descriptive in nature. And Allaah knows best.

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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