What is the Qur'aan?

The Our'aan is the speech of Allaah in the Arabic language, which He revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) in wording and meaning, and which has been preserved in the mushafs (pages of the Qur'aan) and has reached us by numerous chains of transmissions such that it is impossible for all of them to have agreed upon a lie, and it is a Challenge to mankind to produce something similar to it.  Allaah says:

"And 'truly, this (the Qur'aan) is a revelation from the Lord of all creation. Which the trustworthy angel (Jibril) has brought down; upon your heart (0 Muhammad) that you may be (one) of the warners, in the plain Arabic language." (Shuaraa 261,192-195)

A perfect attribute

So Allaah, our Lord the Most'Exalted speaks and His speech is as it befits His majesty. By His speech, He communicates with His Prophets and Messengers and they hear and understand it. This is what is referred to as Wahy· meaning revelation or inspiration. Allaah says:

'It is not given to an human being that Allaah should speak to him unless(it be) by or (that) He sends a Messenger to Inspiration, or from behind a veil or (that) He sends a Messenger to reveal what He wills by His Leave, Verily, He is Most High, Most Wise." (Shura [42]: 51)

The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessing be upon h)m) said:

"When AIlah decrees a matter in the heavens,  the angels move their wings in humility for His speech which sounds like a chain over a rock..':"{Bukhari)

Indeed Allaah is knowledgeable of all languages and He speaks and sends revelations to His Prophets in whichever language He desires. Thus the Our'aan is His speech in Arabic while the Tawrah and the Injeel given to Muusaa (AS) and Eesaa (AS) respectively are in the Hebrew language. (Darimi) Allaah says:

"And We sent not a Messenger except with the language of his people, in order that he might make (the Message) clear for them. Then Allah misleads whom He wills and guides whom He wills. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise."(Ibraaheem [14]: 4)

How does revelation come to the Prophets.

The Revelation from Allaah to the Prophets comes in two ways. The First one is direct revelation from Allaah to the Prophets through dreams. This was the case with the command given to Prophet Ibraaheem (AS) regarding slaughtering his son Prophet Ismaaeel (AS). Allaah says:

"And when his son was old enough to walk with him, he said: "0 my son! I have seen in a dream that I am slaughtering you (as a sacrifice to slaughtering you (as a sacrifice to Allaah), so look what do you think!" He said: "0 my father! Do that which you have been commanded,: insha Allaah, you Hall find me patient." (As_Saffaat [31]: 12},

Surah AI- Kawthar.

The only chapter of the Qur'aan 'revealed to the Messenger of Allaah Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him) through dream is Surah AI . Kawthar. Anas bin Malik (RA) narrated that. "Once while Allaah's Messenger was amongst us in the masjid, he dozed off, then raised his , head smiling, I asked, him: "What has amused you 0 Messenger of Allaah?" He replied: "A surah has just been revealed to me." Then he recited. Inna ataynakal – kawthar till the end." (Muslim) As for the other form of direct Revelation, it is through' direct speech. This means Allaah spoke and the Prophets heard him in their wakeful state. This is the form of revelation given to Prophet Muusaa (AS). Allaah says:

"And when Muusaa came at the time and place appointed by Us, and his Lord spoke to him. " (Araaf [7]: 143)

(To be continued.)


This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited
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