From the last edition. So far we have brought to you, some details of why the Quraan is the speech of Allaah in the Arabic language sent to the whole of mankind through Angel Jibreel (AS) to the Messenger of Allaah Muhammad (peace and blessing be upon him). You were also informed that the Quraan is the uncreated speech of Aliaah the Most Exalted. We continue with more details.
The Quraan was revealed in three stages: As for the first stage, the Quraan, the speech of Allaah was written in the Lauhul- Mahfuuz - the preserved tablet - that is with Allaah the Most Exalted .The Lauh-ul-Mahfuuz is the tablet upon which all of the things that will happen from the creation of the heavens and the earth, until the end of time are written .. Allaah says: "Nay! This is indeed a Glorious Quraan inscribed in the Lauhul Mahfuuz." (Buruj : 21 - 22).
The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessing be upon him) said: "The first thing that Allaah created was the pen. He said toil: "Write!" it responded, "O my Lord! What shall I write?" Allaah said: "Write the destiny of all things, until the Day of Judgement ." (Abu Dawood) The second stage occurred when the Quraan as a whole was revealed all at once to the lower heavens, in a place called "AI - baytul - Izzah - meaning the house of honour. This revelation occurred in the month of Rarnadaan, on the night of power. Allaah said: "The month of Ramadaan is the month in which the Quraan was revealed ... " (AI - Baqarah : 185).
Abdullah bin Abbaas (RA) said: "The Qur'an was sent down to the lower heavens on the night of Decree. Then, whenever Allaah wished to inspire something (from the quraan), He would inspire it (and it was then revealed piece meal over a period of twenty years.)" (AI- Haakim). Then, it was revealed gradually to the Prophet. If Allaah had willed, the Quraan would have been revealed all at once to the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him), jusT as it was done with the Prophets before him.
Instead, it was revealed over a period of 23years in order to strengthen the resolve of the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) against the disbelievers and also to give courage, patience, stamina to withstand the persecution of the unbelievers and determination to his companions. This gradual revelation also made the memorization of the revealed portions easy for the people. Allaah says: "And those who disbelieve ask: why is not the Quraan revealed all at once? Thus (it is sent down in parts) so that we may strengthen your heart, and We have revealed it to you, gradually, in stages." (AI-Furqaan : 32)
The parable of the Quraan: Nawwaas bin Samaan (RA) related that the Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said: "Allaah has set forth the following as a parable: there is a road which leads straight to the destination. On either side of the road there is a wall in which there are open doors with. curtains hanging on them. From the remote end of the road, a voice calls: "Proceed straight and do not turn to any side!" Whenever someone intends to lift a curtain from the door, another voice calls from above: "Beware! Do not lift the curtain, otherwise you will be lured inside." The Prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) explained that: "The straight path is Islaam; the walls are the limits (huduud) of Allaah (which he has placed on actions); the open doors are the things that He has prohibited; the voice which calls from the end of the road is the Quraan, and the voice which calls from above is Allaahs monitor in the heart of every believer." (Tirmidhi).
Finally, Alee bin Abu Taalib (RA) also said: "(The Quraan). The book of Allaah it has the tidings of those before you, and the news of those after you; it is the judge between you; it is the Criterion; it cannot be taken lightly. Whoever abandons it due to arrogance will be destroyed by Allaah, and whoever seeks guidance by other than it will be misled by Allaah. It is Allaah's strong rope; it is the wise remembrance; it is the straight path. It is not strayed by ones desire, nor are the tongues confused by it. Its wonders never cease, and the scholars never satisfy themselves of it. Whoever speaks with it has spoken the truth; whoever works upon it will be rewarded; whoever judges according to it will be just; and whoever calls to it will be guided to the straight path." (Tirmidhi)
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited