SURAH AL-QADR [Q 97:1-5]

Verse 1-3 Ahmad ibn Hanbal reported from Abu Huraira (RA) that when the month of Ramadan approaches the prophet(peace and blessings be upon him) said, People, the month of blessings has come. It is a month in which fasting is ordained. During this month the gates of paradise are flung open, and the gates of hell are closed and the devils are chained. The month contains a night, which is superior to one thousand months. One who is deprived of its merit is truly unfortunate." (Bukhari)

In another hadith the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "One who stands in worship in this night with faith hoping for reward from Allah is forgiven all the sins committed earlier."(Muslim) why has Allaah given this ummah the blessing of one single night which is better than a thousand months. Ibn Abi Hatim (RA) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned four persons of the children of Israel who worshipped Allah continuously for eighty years and didn't commit a single act of disobedience. They were Ayyub, Zakariyya, Hizquil ibn Ajuz and Yusha ibn Nun I (AS).

His companions were astonished to hear this, so Jibril (RA) appeared and said to the Prophet (peace be upon him): "O Muhammad, your people are amazed by those men worshipping Allah for eighty years and not once disobeying Him. Allah has sent down for your people something better than that." Then he recited; "The Night of Power is better than a thousand Months," (Q97:3) This pleased the Prophet (peace be upon him)and his companions.

Verse : 4-5 Describing the merits of this night, Allah says that In this night: "the angels and the Ruh descend". Ruh (literally, spirit) here refers to Jibril (Gabriel) it is the night of security in which a devil can neither commit an evil act nor trouble the believers. Qatadah (RA) says that Divine decisions (al-Qadar matters of Destiny) are made that night, and age as well as sustenance is determined in this night .

At another place the Quran said: Therein (that night) is decreed every matter of ordainments. (Q44:4) sha'bi said that during this night the angels kept praying for the believers until the early hours of morning. Ibn Abi Hatim quoted a hadith related from Kab AI-Ahbar which says: "In this night, Jibril, (AS)accompanied by other angels, comes down, below the Sidrat ul- Muntaha (the lote tree beyond which none may pass) and supplicates for the believing men and women," This night was bestowed upon the ummah and is exclusive to it. It has never been given to any ummah before the Muslims.

It was the practice of the Prophet (peace be upon him) till the last day that he would go in Iitkaf (seclusion at the mosque) during the last ten days of the month of Ramadan and he(peace be upon him) worshipped more intensely In these last ten days than he did in the other days. (Muslim) Imam Malik says that one should seek the night of Decree in all the last ten nights and one must not prefer one night to the other.

Imam Abu Muhammad bin Hatim has quoted, in I his commentary, a long hadith from Kaab (RA) which mentions the mercy and peace to the believers in the morning (fajr) that follows the Night of Power and he concluded it by saying that "whoever observes the fast of Ramadan and has a firm intention to avoid sins after Ramadan as well, will enter Paradise without being questioned. May Allah make each of us one of the people of Paradise, Amin.

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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