TAFSIR [SURAH BAQARA] (THE COW)

FROM `ADWAA-UL BAYAAN

And (remember) when Musa said to his people: "Indeed, Allaah orders you to slaughter a cow." They said: "Do you make fun of us? He said: "I seek refuge with Allaah from being amongst the ignorant." They said: "Call upon your Lord for us that He may make plain for us what it is!" He says, `Verily, it is a cow too old nor too young, but it been in-between these two conditions, `So do what you are commanded." They said: "all upon your Lord for us to make it plain to us it's colour . "He said, He says, `it is a yellow cow, bright in its colour, pleasing to beholders." They said: "Call upon your Lord for us to make plain to us what it is. Indeed all cows are alike (to us). And indeed if Allaah Will, We will be guided." He (Musa) said: "He says, it is a cow neither trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no colour save bright yellow. "They said: "Now you have brought the truth. "So they slaughtered it though were ,near to not doing it.

And (remember) when you killed a person and fell into dispute among yourselves as to the crime . But brought forth that which you were hiding. So We said: "Strike him (the dead man) with a piece of the cow." Thus AIlaah brings the dead to life and shows you His signs so that you may understand." (Q2[Baqarah]:61-73)

[The saying of the Exalted, "indeed A1laah orders you to slaughter a cow": "from Ubaydah as- Salmaanee who said: a person from the Children of Israel was sterile and he had a great deal of wealth. The son of his brother was the inheritor ofthis wealth, so he killed the sterile man, then he carried him by night and placed him on the door of someone else.

In the morning he claimed that this other person had killed the sterile man. A war broke out between them, and some of the people who were endowed with reason said, why fight each other when the Messenger of Allaah is amongst you? They then went to Musa (alayhi salaam) and mentioned the incident to him and He said, Indeed Allaah orders you to slaughter a cow ... " [TafsirIbn Kathir]

The saying of Allah, "call upon your Lord for us that He may make plain for us what it is!" there is no explanation as to what their purpose was behind their asking, that He may make plain for us what it is except that the answer to their question in the first instance indicates that they were enquiring about its age. The evidence for this lies in His saying, "he said, He says: Verily it is a cow neither too old nor too young." And that that their purpose in their asking the question in the second instance was to ascertain whether it was used for work, or if it had any deficiencies, or if it had any blemishes that differed from its normal colour. The evidence for this lies in His saying, "he said, He says: Indeed it is a cow neither trained to till the soil nor water the fields, sound, having no colour save bright yellow."

The saying of Allaah the Exalted, "and (remember) when you killed a person and fell into dispute among yourselves as to the crime": There is no clarification here as to-the sex of this person, but his being male, is indicated in His saying, "Strike him with a piece of the cow."

The saying of the Exalted, "thus Allaah brings the dead to life and shows you His signs": indicating in this verse that in the resurrection of the one killed by the Children of Israel lies an evidence for the resurrection of mankind after their death. This because the One Who is able to resurrect one soul after its death is able to resurrect all of the souls after their death. This is clarified in His saying:

"The creation of you all and the resurrection of you all are only as (the creation and resurrection) of a single. person." [Q31 [Luqma]:28 ]..

To be continued

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