Foundation of Knowledge
Fabrication of Hadeeth by Ignorant Ascetics
Some hadiths were fabricated in order to create a desire in people to do good deeds and to create in them a fear of evil deeds. Those who did this were the worst kind of fabricators, as they were people who were associated with asceticism, piety and righteousness and the masses readily accepted their fabrications because of their confidence in them.
There is a chain letter that claims to be from Shaykh Ahmad who dreamt about the future while sleeping in the Prophet's mosque. It is circulated among every 5 or 10years and is a complete fabrication. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) had said that anyone who tells about dreams that they didn't have would find their seat in the Hell-fire.
Among the fabricators of the past was Maysarah ibn Abdi Rabbih about whom Ibn Hibban collected a narration fromIbn Mahdi in which he said: "I said to Maysarah ibn Abdi Rabbih: Where did you get these hadiths; whoever reads such and such will get such and such a reward?" He replied, "I made them up to attract the people (to righteous deeds)."(Ad-Duafaa)
In order to let the people devote much of their time to supererogatory forms of worship, some ascetics used to fabricate hadiths on merits of various actions. About four hundred such hadiths are known to be invented by Ghulam Khaleel (d. 275 AH.), one of the renowned ascetics in Baghdad whose deathcaused the whole market to close its doors in mourning. (Tarikh Baghdad)
People like Abu Ismah Nooh ibn Abi Maryamal-Marwazi used to invent hadiths on the merits of each Soorah of the Qur'an. Abu Ismah later justified his act by saying: "I found people deserting the Qur'an and occupying themselves with the Fiqh of Abu Haneefah and the Maghazi (battles) of lbn Ishaq, so I invented these hadiths for the sake of reward (from Allah)."
Another example given by Shaykh Nasir ad-Deen al-Albani: "The world is prohibited to people of the Hereafter and the Hereafter is prohibited to people of the world. And both are prohibited to the People of Allah." (Silsilat Daeefah)
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited