The sixth century after the migration of the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alayhi wa sallam) from Makkah to al-Madeenah witnessed an outstanding assemblage of brilliant men and women who excelled in the various sciences of the deen. Amongst the nobles of this period from the males were al-Haafidh Ibn as-Salaah, al-Imaam Yahya Sharafdeen an-Nawawee, al- Haafidh Abu Taahir Ahmad bin Muhammad as-Silafee, al-imaam al-Mundhiree, and al-Imaam Jamaaluddeen Ibn Jawzee (RAH).
From among the females we had:
Taqiyyah bint Abil-Farj Gayth bin Ali bin Abdis-Salaam as- Sulamee (RAH)
She is the mother Abul-Hasan Ali bin Faadil bin Hamdoon as- Sooree one of the outstanding pearls of the period. "She benefited from Abu Taahir Ahmad bin Muhammad as-Silafee for sometime at Thugr (Alexandria). He mentioned her in some of his annotations and praised her".
Concerning her, al-Imaam as- Silafee (RAH) said: "Taqiyyah bint Gayth bin Ali al-Armanazee as- Sooree known as - 'the sixth blessing' at Thugr (Alexandria in Egypt) recited some verses to me and my eyes did not see anyone who versifies except her." Taqiyyah (RAH) is mentioned as one of the teachers of Abu Taahir as-Silafee. She lived for only twenty nine years.
Turfah bint Ahmad
About her al-Imaam Abu Taahir as-Silafee (RAH) said, "This Turfah is 'a daughter of knowledge' and she herself was pious, popularly known and was also named Aa'isha and called Turfah (RAH). We read (some books) to her in the year 534AH and shortly afterwards she died - may Allaah have mercy on her. She was the wife of Shaykh Abu Abdullaah Muhammad bin Abee Musah al- Khawlaanee whose daughter I married after his death, the lady of the family; pious and god-fearing, may Allaah have mercy on her and us."
Khadeejah bint Ahmad
AI-Imaam as-Silafee reported a narration from her and then said, "This Khadeejah, her father is a Scholar of Hadeeth and so is her brother. She narrated ahaadeeth like her sister did and among her teachers were - Ibn Abdul-Waliyy, Ibn ad-Daleel, her father and she was certified to report narrations by Abul-Waleed. We read (some books) to her from all of these people. But for her sister Turfah (mentioned above) we do not know her to have reported narrations except from her father. She died in Rabiul Aakhar 526AH and was a virgin and did not marry at all. She requested that I performed the Salaah (Janaazah) over her - may Allaah have mercy on her and be pleased with her."
Rabi'ah bint Abee Hukaym
"She was a pious woman and her father Abu Hukaym al-Khabree was a well-known specialist in the field of the Science of Inheritance. Her son Abu al-Fadl Muhammad bin Nasir bin Muhammad bin Ali was of the people of knowledge and literature. He heard many narrations with us from the Scholars of Jaanibayn and his companion in hearing narrations and the in the science of recitals was Abu Mansoor bin Jawaaliqee and he was more exceptional in literature."
"These are some of those from whom al-Haafidh as-Silafee, about whom it is said - Haafidh of Islaam and the most superior of the people of the earth (at his time) in terms of isnaad (chain of transmission) in hadeeth and (the science of) recitals with piety, trustworthiness and knowledge - read."
Faatimah bint Muhammad bin al-Husayn al-Fadlawiyyah
About her al-Imaam Ibn Jawzee (RAH) said, "This our Shaykh, Faatimah, was one who greatly admonishes and worships. She has a sitting which is attended by those who took matters of Dunya lightly. He learnt from Abu Ja'far bn Muslimah, Abu Bakr al- Khateeb al-Baghdaadee and others. She died in Rabbiul Awwal 52IAH."
Shuhdah bint Ahmad bin Farj al-Ibree "Shuhdah learnt from Ja'far bin Sarraaj and Tarraad and others. She had a beautiful handwriting and she lived within the householdof the Khaleefah and was known to be benevolent. She lived for about a hundred years and died in Muharram 574 AH and was buried at the graveyard of Baab Bayriz." She was nicknamed "pride of the woman" and learnt from a lot of scholars and lived long becoming one with the best of chains of narration at her time and so many learnt from her including some of the popular scholars of her time like as-Sam'aanee, Ibn 'Asaakir, al- Haafidh Abdul-Ganiyy, Ibn Quddamah, al-Haafidh Abdul Qaadir ar-Rahaawee and long list of people "numerous to mention here. She reported many narrations.
Umm Muhammad Khadeejah bint Mufaddil al-Maqdasiyyah
She was born in Alexandria and she grew up there One of her students was al-Imaam Ibn al- Mundhiree (RAH) and she is the sister to one of his teachers - Abul- Hasan al-Maqdisee. AI-Imaam al- Mundhiree said, "I narrated a volume from her from her teachers who had certified her to narrate them, I heard them and narrated them too." She died in Alexandria in the year 618 AH.
Umm al-Fadl Kareemah bint Abdil Wahaab ad- Dimashqiyyah
AI-Imaam al-Mundhiree said, "She has many narrations and it was said that she narrated for about sixty years. I met her at Bayt Lahya at Damascus the second time and I heard from her. She certified me to report narrations in the year 595AH."
Rabee'ah Khatoon bint Ayyoob
Nicknamed "lady of Shaam" is the sister to Salaahuddeen al- Ayyoobee. Rabee'ah was the sister of the kings and the aunt of princes and the mother of kings. She had among the Kings and princes thirty-five who are Mahaarim to her. The lady of Shaam was of the foremost amongst women who gave charity to the poor such that thousands of gold coins are spent annually in her house food and drink for the poor. Among those in her courtier was Amatul- Lateef bint Naaseh al- Hambalee a scholar of repute who encouraged her to establish a Madrassah as a trust. Concerning Rabee'ah, ash-Shaykh 'Atiyyah Muhammad Saalim RH said, "I myself saw while I was a teacher at Ahsaa a copy of Sunan Abee Dawood with Aal-Mubaarak which had the annotations of the - sister of Salaahuddeen al- Ayyoobee."
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited