The Sujood (Prostration)
Next, the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would say takbeer and go down into sajdah and he ordered the one “who prayed badly" to do so, saying to him:
"No one's prayer is complete unless ... he says: Allaah listens to the one who praises Him and stands up straight, then says: Allaah is the Greatest and prostrates such that his joints are at rest. " (Abu Dawud)
"when he wanted to perform sajdah, he would say takbeer, [separate his hands from his sides,] and then perform sajdah." (Abu Ya'la) Sometimes, "he would raise his hands when performing sajdah." (Nasai)
Going Down into the Sajdah on the Hands
"He used to place his hands on the ground before his knees." (Ibn Khuzayma) He used to instruct likewise, saying:
"When one of you performs sajdah, he should not kneel like a camel, but should place his hands before his knees." (Abu Dawud)
The Sajdah Described
"He would support himself on his palms [and spread them]" (Abu Dawud),
"put his fingers together" (lbn Khuzaymah),
and "point them towards the qiblah." (Bayhaqi)
Also, "he would put them (his palms) level with his shoulders", and sometimes "level with his ears". "He would put his nose and forehead firmly on the ground." (Abu Dawud)
He used to put his knees and toes down firmly (Bayhaqi), point with the front of the toes towards the qiblah" (Bukhari),
"put his heels together" (Tahawi),
"keep his feet upright" (Bayhaqi),
and "ordered likewise." (Tirmidhi)
Hence, these are the seven limbs on which he (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would prostrate: the palms, the knees, the feet, and the forehead and nose - counting the last two as one limb in prostration, as he said:
"I have been ordered to prostrate (in one narration: we have been ordered to prostrate) on seven bones: on the forehead ..., " and he indicated by moving his hand around his nose, the hands (in one version: the palms), the knees and the toes, and not to tuck up the garments and hair. (Bukhari)
Also, he would not rest his forearms on the ground" (Bukhari),
but "would raise them above the ground, and keep them away from his sides such that the whiteness of his armpits could be seen from behind" (Bukhari),
and also "such that if a small lamb or kid wanted to pass under his arms, it would have been able to do so." (Muslim)
The Adhkaar of Sujood
The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would say the following remembrances of Allaah and supplications (among others) in this posture:
"Subhaana Rabbee al-Aalaa" (How Perfect is my Lord, the Most High) three times. (Ahmad).
Sometimes, he would repeat it more times than that.
Forbiddance of Reciting the Qur'aan in Sujood
The Rasul (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) used to forbid recitation of the Qur'aan in rukoo' and suiood, and recommended making a lot of supplication in this posture. He used to say.
"The slave is closest to his Lord when he is prostrating, so increase supplication [in it]." (Muslim)
Rising from Sajdah
Next, he would raise his head from prostration while saying takbeer, and he would raise his hands with this takbeer sometimes. (Bukhari)
Sitting Muftarishan Between the Two Sajdahs
Then "he would lay his left foot along the ground and sit on it. [relaxed]" (Ahmad),
and he would have his right foot upright" (Nasai) and point its toes towards the qiblah. (Muslim)
Iq'aa' Between the Two Sajdahs
"He would sometimes practice iq'aa' [resting on both his heels and (all) his toes]." (Muslim)
"He would be relaxed until every bone returned to its (proper) position" and he ordered "the one who prayed badly" likewise and said to him. The prayer of any of you is not complete until he does this. (Abu Dawud)
The Adhkaar Between the Two Sajdahs
In this sitting the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would say among other things:
Allaahumma-ghfirlee wa-r-hamnee wa-j-burnee wa-r-fa'nee wa ahdinee wa 'aafinee wa-r-zuqnee" (O Allaah! Forgive me; have mercy on me; strengthen me; raise my rank; guide me; pardon me; sustain me). (Abu Dawud)
The Second Sajdah
Next, "he would say takbeer and prostrate for the second time." (Bukhari)
He would perform this sajdah exactly as he performed the first one. Also, "he would raise his hands with this takbeer sometimes. (Abu Dawud)
Thereafter, "he would raise his head while saying takbeer" (Muslim).
Also, "he would raise his hands" sometimes with this takbeer.
The Sitting of Rest
Next, "he would sit straight [on his left foot, upright, until every bone returned to its position]" (Bukhari)
and then "he would get up for the second rak'ah, supporting himself on the ground." (Bukhari)
Also, "he would clench his fists during prayer: supporting himself with his hands when getting up." (Abu Ishaaq)
The Second Rak'ah
When the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) got up for the second rak'ah, he would commence with "alhamdulillaah Rabb al-Aalameen .... " (Faatihah 1:1) without pausing." (Muslim)
He would perform this rak'ah exactly as he performed the first, except that he would make it shorter than the first as before.
The First Tashahhud
The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would sit for tashahhud after finishing the second rak'ah. In a two-rak'ah prayer such as Fajr, "he would sit muftarishan" (Nasai), as he used to sit between the two sajdahs, and "he would sit in the first tashahhud similarly" (Bukhari) in a three- or four-rak'ah prayer.
When he sat in tashahhud, he would place his right palm on his right thigh (in one narration: knee), and his left palm on his left thigh (in one narration: knee spreading it upon it)" (Muslim);
and "he would put the end of his right elbow on his right thigh." (Abu Dawud)
Also, "he forbade a man who was sitting in prayer testing on his left hand, and said: "Verily, that is the prayer of the Jews." (Bayhaqi);
in one wording, "Do not sit like this, for indeed this is the way of sitting of those who are punished" (Ahmad);
in another hadeeth, "It is the sitting posture of those who incurred (Allaah's) anger." (AbdurRazaq)
Moving the Finger in Tashahhud
The Messenger of Allaah(sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would spread his left palm on his left knee, clench all the fingers of his right hand, point with the finger adjacent to the thumb towards the qiblah, and fix his sight on it (i.e. the finger)." (Muslim)
Also, "when he pointed with his finger, he would put his thumb on his middle finger" (Muslim),
and sometimes "he would make a circle with these two. When he 'raised his finger, he would move it, supplicating with it. (Abu Dawud)
and he used to say, "It is surely more powerful against the devil than iron, meaning the forefinger." (Ahmad)
He would do this in both tashahhuds.
The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would recite the Tahiyyah after every two rak'ahs" (Muslim);
"the first thing he would say in this sitting would be: "at-tahiyyatu lillaahi."(Bayhaqi)
'When he forgot to perform the tashahhud after the first two rak'ahs, he would prostrate (twice) for forgetfulness." (Bukhari)
The Manner of Tashahhud
He taught several ways of tashahhud and one of it is: At-tahiyyatu lillahi az-zakiyaatu lillahi, at-tayyibaatu, as-salawaatu lillahias-salaam alayka ayyuha an-Nabiyyu wa rahmatullaah wabarakaatuhu as-salaam alaynaa wa alaa 'ibaadillaahi as-saaliheen. Ash-hadu an laa i1aahaillaAllaah wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan abduhuwa rasooluhu." (All compliments are due to Allaah: all pure titles are due to Allaah; all good words [are due to Allaah]: all prayers are due to Allaah, Peace be on you, O Prophet, and also the mercy of Allaah and His blessings, Peace be on us and on the righteous slaves of Allaah. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger). (Bayhaqi)
He used to send prayers on himself in the first tashahhud as well as the other. He also established it for his ummah, ordering us to send prayers on him after sending peace on him, and he taught us several ways of doing so and one of them is: ''
Allaahumma salli 'ala a Muhammad wa 'alaa aali Muhammad kama sallayta 'alaa Ibrahim, innaka Hameedun Majeed. Allaahumma baarik 'alaa Muhammad wa 'alaa aali Muhammad kama -baarakta 'alaa Ibraahim wa 'alaa aali Ibraahima innaka Hameedun Majeed. "
(O Allaah! send prayers on Muhammad, and on the family of Muhammad, as you sent prayers on [Ibraaheem, and on] the family of lbraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory. O Allaah! send blessings on Muhammad, and on the family of Muhammad, as you sent blessings on [Ibraaheem, and on] the family of Ibraaheem; You are indeed Worthy of Praise, Full of Glory). (Bukhari)
Du'aa' in the First Tashahhud
The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) also-set the guidance of du'aa in this tashahhud as well, saying:
"When you sit after every two rak'ahs, then say: At-tahiyyatu Iillaahi.... (till the end of that supplication, and then said:) ... then he should select of the supplications what is most pleasing to him." (Nasai)
Standing up for the Third, and then the Fourth, Rak'ah
Next, he would get up forthe third rak'ah with takbeer (Bukhari) When the Rasul (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) stood from the sitting position, he would say takbeer; and then stand up" (Abu Ya'la); and "he would raise his hands" (Bukhari)
with this takbeer sometimes.
'When he wanted to stand up for the fourth rak'ah, he would say: Allaahu Akbar" (Bukhari)
and "he would raise his hands" with this takbeer sometimes. "He would sit up straight on his left foot, at ease, until every bone returned to its proper place, then stand up, supporting himself on the ground; and he would clench his fists: supporting himself with his hands when standing up." (Harbi in Ghareeb al-Hadeeth) He would recite al-Faatihah in both these rak'ahs, and in Zuhr prayer, he would sometimes add a few aayaat to this.
The Final Tashahhud
After completing the fourth rak'ah, the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would sit for the last tashahhud. He would do in it; just as he did in the first tashahhud, except that "he would sit mutawarrikan" (Bukhari),
"with his left upper thigh on the ground, and both his feet protruding from one (i.e. the right) side." (Bukhari)
"He would have his left foot under his (right) thigh and shin" (Abu Dawud),
"his right foot upright" (Muslim)
or occasionally "he would lay it along the ground." (Muslim)
"His left palm would cover his (left) knee, leaning heavily on it." (Muslim)
He set the example of sending prayers on him in this tashahhud, as in the first tashahhud.
Seeking Refuge from Four Things
The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) used to say:
"When one of you has finished the [last] tashahhud, he should seek refuge with Allaah from four things; [saying: "Allaahumma innee 'audhu bikamin adhaabi jahannam wa min 'adhaabi alqabri wa min fitnati almahyaa wal mamaat wa min shard fitnati al-Maseehi ad-Dajjaal."
(O Allaah! I truly seek refuge with You] from the punishment of Hellfire, and from the punishment of the grave, and from the trials of living and dying, and from the evil [trials] of the False Christ). [Then he should supplicate for himself with what occurs to him.]" (Muslim) "He would supplicate with it in his own tashahhud." (Abu Dawud)
Supplication Before The Salaam
He used to use different supplications in his prayer, supplicating with different ones at different times; he also endorsed other supplications, and "ordered the worshipper to select of them what he wishes." (Bukhari)
One of his supplications is: Allaahumma innee 'audhu bika min sharri maa amiltu wa min sharri maa lam 'a'mal." (O Allaah! truly I seek refuge with You from the evil of what I have done, and from the evil of what I have not done [yet].) (Nasai)
One of the last things he would say between the tashahhud and the tasleem would be:
Allaahummaghfirlee maa qaddamtu wa maa akhartu wa maa asrartu wa maa a'lantu wa maa asraitu wa maa Anta a'lamu bihi minnee. Anta al-Muqaddimu wa Anta al-Mu'akhiru laa i1aaha illa Anta." (O Allaah! Forgive me what I have done in the past, and what I will do in the future, and what I have concealed, and what I have done openly, and what I have exceeded in, whatever You know about more know than I. You are the Bringer-Forward, and You are the Delayer, there is no (true) god except You.) (Muslim)
Next, The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) would salute to his right: "
as-salaam alaykum wa rahmatul/aah" (Peace and Allaah's Mercy be on you) [such that the whiteness of his right cheek was visible.], and on his left (as well). (Abu Dawud)
Sometimes, he would add to the greeting on the right: "wa barakaatuh" (... and His blessings (be on you).) (Abu Dawud)
"When he said: "as-salaam alaykum wa rahmatullaah" to his right, he would sometimes shorten the greeting on his left to: "as-salaam alaykum" (Peace be on you.) (Nasai)
Sometimes, "he would salute once only, "as-salaam alaykum" in front of his face, turning to his right side a bit.] [or a little]." (Ibn Khuzaymah)
All that has been mentioned of the description of the Prophet's prayer (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) applies equally to men and women, for there is nothing in the Sunnah to exempt women from any of these descriptions; in fact, the generality of his statement (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam), "Pray as you have seen me praying", includes women.
This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited