Ibn Abbas (RA), reported that when Adam (PBUH) was brought down to earth; he fell prostrate full of repentance. He (Adam) cried unto Allah concerning his inability to regain part of the benefit of circumambulating (tawaj) the Arsh (the Throne). In response, Allah sent down the Baitul Ma 'mur (House of Visit) to the earth for Adam to tawaf. The House was of red diamond, whose illumination extends from the east to the West. This light attracted a company of the Jinns and shayyatin (emmissaries of Shay tan) and they were fear - stricken. They scattered in the space (sky) searching for the source of the light. When they discovered the source coming from the direction of Makkah, they headed towards there desiring to get close to the source of the light, Allah ordered angels to be stationed at the places known today as Meeqat to prevent the Jinns & shayatin from gaining proximity to the Bait. (Baitul Ma'mur was said to have been carried back into heaven sequel to the great flood of Tu'fan during the time of Prophet Nuh (PBUH).
In another narration, when the Black Stone (see below) was brought down from A1-Jannah, It was full of illumination. The various directions which the rays of its light reached forms what is called Haram (sacred) today. These are three miles on the road to Madinah, seven miles on the road to Iraq, nine miles on the road ja’ranah; seven miles on the road to Ta if; ten miles on the road to Jeddah These five locations now form the Meeqat. It is at these points pilgrims enter Into Ihram. (TAMBlHUL GHAFILIN)
A WITNESS AT FIRST, A WITNESS AT LAST
Hajjaral Aswad (the Black Stone) is an oval shaped stone about 18 centimeters in diameter, it rests within a mesh of silver wire, some of which go right through it to prevent it from ever crumbling. It is set in the angle of the Ka 'bah. The Prophet (pBUH) said:
"The Black Stone descended from paradise whiter than milk, but the sins of the' descendants of Adam made it black" (Tirmidhi).
When the Ka'abah was restored in 605 C.E. the stone was removed during reconstruction work-and when the time came to put it back in its place a violent quarrel ensued. Each of the Quraysh clans wanted the honour of replacing the stone so much that swords were already unsheathed. It was decided to ask the first man who entered the sacred precinct to decide on the matter. The first man was Muhammad (PBUH) who placed the holy relic on a rug and asked the representative of each tribe to hold its hem and it was carried to the chosen spot. The last Prophet (PBUH) thus restored the honour of the precious gem.
What is the significance of this stone? Umar (RA) had thought it insignificant, he said, "I know you are a stone that neither harms nor helps, and had I not seen Allah's Messenger (PBUH) kiss you, I would not have kissed you". But Ali (RA.) knows otherwise "It does indeed harm and help" he said;
"when Allah took the convenant from the descendants of Adam: 'When your Lord drew forth from the children of Adam from their loins-their descendants, and made testify concerning themselves saying): "Am I not your Lord?" They said: "Yes we do testify!’ (This) test you should sqy on the Day of Judgement: "of this we were never mindful". (Q7: 172).
Hojjaral Aswad was made the witness at this first covenant, it will therefore bear witness for the believer as to his fulfilment, 'and against the unblieyer as to his repudiation This, it is said, is the significance of the words people utter when touching the Black stone: Allahumma imauman bika wa-tasdiqan bi-kitabika wa-wafa’an bi- ahdika (O Allah, I declare my belief in You, my acceptance of Your document and my fuIfilment of Your convenant)
The Prophet (PBUH) also confirmed
"The black stone is a ruby of Paradise. It will be raised on the Day Resurrection with a pair of eyes and a tongue with which to speak, testifying for all who have touched it with truth and sincerity". (Tirmidhi, Nasai).
The Black Stone is a witness at first and a witness at last; The significant of the Black Stone is not only in its primordial and Hereafter existence but it is equal significant In the worldly life. The Prophet said
“The black Stone is the right hand of Allah on earth; with it He shakes hands With HIS creatures, Just as a man shakes hands with his brother." (Ibn Umar)
(TAMBIHUL GHAFILIN Abu Laith as-Samaraqand).
KAABAH: Best spot ON EA'RTH
When Adam and Hawwa were brought down to earth from Paradise (Q2:36), One of the benefits they suffered was then inability to circumambulate the Bayt Ma 'mur in the heaven, He cried unto Allah and was ordered to build the Ka’abah for circumambulation at a spot which according to tradition is directly under Bayt M.a'mur: Thus
"The first House (of worship) appointed for men was that at Bakkah: Full of blessing and of guidance for all the worlds.." (Q3:96).
The House was rebuilt by Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH).
The Ka’abah is a square building built of hard stone slabs, up to 16.meters high. The wall in which the gutter is fixed is 10.10 meters long, and the Side in which Its gate IS fixed IS 12 meters long. The gate stands 2 meters clear of the ground. The Ka’aba is covered by an immense piece of black drapery (Kiswah) which has verses from the Qur’an embroidered in gold thread all around its hem. The Kiswah is renewed every year on the occasion of the pilgrimage.
When the Prophet (PBUH) returned to Makkah after its fall to the Muslims there were 360 idols around the Ka'aba which he broke with his own hands, He said to the Ka'abah
"You are the best spot on Allah s earth, most dear to me of all the cities of Allah. If I had not had to leave you, I would never have left you" (lbn Majah).
Tawaf (circuit) around the House is in reminiscence of the circuit of al-Arsh (throne) of Allah by the angels.
The Ka'abah is also one of the sign of the last Hour. The Prophet (PBUH) said
"The Hour will not be' established till the Hajj '(to the Ka 'aba) is abandoned" (Bukhari).
Thus he urged
"Make frequent circumambulation of this House before it is taken up 'for twice it has been laid waste and the third time it will be taken away. "(al- Bazzar), Make haste to the best spot on earth while you still can.
Hajar remained alone with her young son in the wilderness of Makkah after Ibrahim (PBUH) left them on Allah's command. Soon their ration of water was exhausted and she-ran helter skelter over the hillocks of Safa and Marwa with hope of getting help.
"When she reached the Marwa, (for the last time) she heard a voice and she asked herself to be quiet and listened attentively. She heard the voice again and said, 'O (whoever you may be)! You have made me hear your voice; have you got something to help me?" And behold! She saw an angel at the place of Zam-zam, digging the earth with his heel (or his wing), till water flowed from that place. She started to make something like a basin around it, using her hand in this way, and started filling her water-skin with water with her hands, and the water was flowing out after she had scooped some of it. " The Prophet (PBUH) narrated. (Bukhari)
When she dammed the water she began to say, "Zamzam", which is the sound made by rushing water in Babylonian. The Prophet (PBUH) said;
"May Allah bestow Mercy on Isma'il’s mother! Had she let the Zam-zam flow without trying to control it, Zam-zam would have been a stream flowing on the surface of the earth. "(Bukhari)
Prophet Ibrahim (PBUH) set about re-building Ka' abah with his son, Isma'il after receiving the divine order to the effect. When the building gained height, Ibrahim (PBUH) had to climb on a ' stone brought by his son. The stone still bears the imprint of Ibrahim's foot print. On completion of the building Ibrahim (PBUH) offered two rakaah of prayer at a spot now called Maqam Ibrahim (the station of Ibrahim) and here also contain his footprint.
"And take you the station of Ibrahim as a place of prayer ..." (Q2:125)
"in it are signs manifest; the station of Ibrahim; whoever enters it attains security ... " (Q3:97)
When Ibrahim (PBUH) received divine order to sacrifice his only son Ismail to test his faith, he promptly set about carrying out the wish of Allah On his way to sacrifice his son, Shaytan appeared to him, his son and wife, Hajjara to tempt them away from carrying out Allah's injunction. They showed their contempt by hurling seven stones at him on the spots which are now marked by the pillars which pilgrims stone till today.