Purification for the Prayer


Conditions for the correctness of the ablution

1. The intention: Ibn 'Umar (RA) narrated that he heard the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

 "The prayer is not accepted without purification." (Mukhtasar Saheeh Muslim)

There are two forms of such purification: purification by using water and purification by using soil.

As for the purification with water, it is either ablution (wudoo') or "bathing" (ghusl)  Hurnran, the exslave of 'Uthman (RA) stated that 'Uthman called for a pitcher of water and he made ablution. He washed his hands three times. Then he rinsed his mouth and inserted water into his nose (and breathed it out). Then he washed his face three times. Then he washed his right arm until the elbows three times. Then he washed his left arm until his elbows three times. Then he wiped his head. Then he washed his right foot until the ankles three times. Then he did similarly with the left foot.

He then said, "I saw the Messenger of Allah make ablution like this ablution of mine. The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) then said:

 'Whoever makes ablution like this ablution of mine and then stands and prays two units (rak 'ahs) of prayer with no other thoughts coming to his mind then his previous sins will be forgiven. Ibn Shihab added, "Our scholars would say that that is the most complete form of ablution one can make for the prayer. (Bukhari, Muslim)

The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

 "Verily all actions are based on intention." (Bukhari, Muslim)

It is not sanctioned to actually state the intention, as such has not been confirmed from the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam).


2. Mentioning the Name of Allah: The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"There is no prayer for the one who does not have ablution and there is no ablution for one who did not mention the name of Allah upon it." (Abu Dawood and Ibn Majah)


3. To perform the acts one after the other (without a lengthy break between the different acts): Khalid ibn Ma' dan narrated: "The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) saw a man pray while there was a spot about the size of a coinon his foot that he had not washed. So the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) ordered him to repeat his ablution and prayer. (Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood)


Ablution: Its characteristics

The obligatory components of the ablution

1. and 2. Washing the face, this includes rinsing the mouth and the nose

3. Washing the arms until the elbows'"

4. and 5. Wiping all of the head and the ears are considered part of the head (and are not considered part of the face while making ablution)

6. Washing both feet until the ankles some of these are based on the Qur'anic verse:

"O' you who believe! When you intend to offer the prayer wash your faces and your arms up to the elbows, rub [by passing wet hands over] your heads, and [wash] your feet up to the ankles ..." (Q5[Maidah]: 6)

Rinsing the mouth and the nose are obligatory because, in the Qur'an, Allah has ordered the washing of the face and it is confirmed that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) would always rinse the nose and mouth in every ablution.

Everyone who narrated and described how he made ablution made mention of rinsing these two. It can be concluded that the washing of the face ordered in the Qur'an includes rinsing the mouth and nose.(as-Sail al-Jarar)

Furthermore, the command to rinse these two are also found in 'the following statements of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam):

"When one of you makes ablution, he should put water up his nose and then blow it out. " (Saheeh al-Jami) 

"When you make ablution, rinse the mouth." (saheeh al-Jami)

Concerning the obligation of wiping the entire head, the command for wiping in the Qur'an is actually ambiguous. Hence, one turns to the Sunnah to explain it. It is confirmed in the Saheehs of Bukhari and Muslim, as well as in other works, that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) wiped his entire head. This is evidence of the obligation of wiping the entire head.

Here, one might argue that in the hadith of al-Mugheerah, it is narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) wiped over his forehead only and his turban. The response to this is that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) wiped only over his forehead because he completed the rest of his head by wiping over his turban. And dais is what we are saying.

Thus, in that hadith, there is no evidence for one simply to wipe over the forehead or only part of the head without completing it by wiping over the turban. (Tafseer Ibn Katheer) The result is that it is obligatory to wipe the entire head.

The one wiping the head does this by wiping over his (entire) head only or by wiping over his turban only or by wiping over his head and turban. All of them are correct and confirmed.

As for the ears being considered from the head and therefore obligatory to be wiped, it is based on the Prophet's statement:

"The two ears are part of the head." (Saheeh Ibn Majah)

7. Running the fingers through the beard: Anas ibn Malik (RA) stated: When the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) would make ablution, he would take a handful of water and put it below his jaw and run his fingers through his beard. And he said:

 'This is how my Lord has ordered me to do.' (I'rwa ' al-Ghaleel)

8: Washing between the fingers and the toes: The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

 "Complete the ablution, run waters between your fingers and toes, and put water well up your nose, unless you are fasting." (Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood)

The recommended (Sunan) acts related to ablution

1. Using the toothstick: Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

 "If it were not to be a hardship on my Nation, I would order them to use the toothstick when making everyablution. "(Saheeh al-Jami)

2. Washing the hands three times at the beginning of the ablution: This is confirmed in the narration from 'Uthman in which he was describing the ablution of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), wherein he washed his hands three times.(Bukhari, Muslim)

3. Combining together the rinsing of the mouth and the nose three times, each time with one handful of water: In the hadith of 'Abdullah ibn Zayd in which he was teaching the ablution of the Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), he stated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) would rinse his mouth and nose from one handful of water and he would do such rinsing three times" (Mukhtasar Saheen Muslim) .

4. To rinse extensively unless one is fasting: The Messenger of Allah (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

“(ln ablution) you should put water well up your nose, unless you are fasting." (Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood)

5. Starting with the right before the left side: A'ishah (RA) stated, "The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) would like to begin with the right in putting on his shoes, combing his hair, acts of purification and in all of his affairs. (Bukhari, Muslim)

Furthermore, in the hadith of 'Uthman in which he described the ablution of the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam), he mentioned that he washed the right side first and then the left. (Bukhari, Muslim)

to be continued next edition insha Allah


This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited


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