Ablution (ablution) is very important to Muslims, such, that we do it several times in a day. It is the key to salaat, meaning that without a complete and perfect wudu, the salaat is unacceptable. The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"The key to Paradise is salaat and the key to salaat is wudu." (Tirmidhi ).

Wudu is also performed for other acts of ibadah like tawaf, recitation of the Qur'an, after meeting with your wife etc.

Start with the siwak: The Rasul (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"Had I not feared burdening my ummah (followers), I would have commanded them to use siwak before every salaat." (Bukhari).

Siwak is tooth-cleaning stick from the tree called araak. It is however permissible to use sticks from other trees or the toothbrush. To use the siwak with every ablution is sunnah (recommended practice of the Prophet). It is allowed to use the siwak even after performing the ablution or just before salaat, Wash The Limbs: The ablution has specific parts of the body that must be washed, in specific ways and order. Humran (RA) (the freed slave of Uthman (RA), the third Khalifah) narrated: "Uthman (RA) called for water to perform ablution. He washed the palms of his hands three times, then rinsed his mouth and sniffed water in his nose and them blew it out. He then washed his face three times.

Thereafter, he washed his right hand up to his elbow three times, then the left one likewise. Then he passed wet hands on his head. Then he washed his right foot up to the ankle three times, then his left one likewise. He then said, 'I saw Allah's Messenger (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) performing ablution like this ablution of mine." (Bukhari)

Washing of face, hands and feet is to be done three times each. However, washing them once or twice is also valid. Imam Nawawi has written that the consensus of opinions is that washing once is fard (obligatory): ""

Hands First and Right First: Do not dip your hands in the utensil until you have washed them three times first. Abu Hurayrah (RA) narrated that the Rasul (salal/ahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

" When one ofyou wakes up from his sleep, he must not put his hands in a utensil until he has washed three times, for he does not know where his hands was while he slept." (Muslim).

Further, always start from the right side first. The Rasul (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

"When you perform ablution, begin with you, right limbs." (Abu Dawud).


The sunnah is to use one scoop of water to clean your mouth and at the same time blow your nose. Also, you may wipe your head once, twice or thrice. To clean the ears, the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam)

would insert his index finger in his ears, while his thumb clean the exterior of his ears. (Abu Daud).

To also perform a perfect ablution, he (salallahu alayhi wa sal/am) has recommended that you

.....run (your fingers) the fingers of your toes ." (An-Nasal).

Ensure that every part that should be washed is thoroughly washed. This is a pillar of ablution. Anas (RA) narrated that the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) saw a man on whose foot appeared a portion like the size Of a nail which was not touched by water. He then said:

"Go back and perform your wudu properly." (Abu Daud).

In another hadith in Muslim, the Prophet (salallahu alayhi wa sallam) said that small size will be in the Fire . It is wrong for some people to believe that you can wipe (not wash) your feet. Mash (wiping) is for the socks and washing is for the feet.

This article was culled from the publications of Deen Communication Limited

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